Prostate cancer is a malignancy that develops in the prostate tissue as a result of cell regeneration. Neoplasia is the third most common disease in men, with more than 400,000 patients diagnosed annually.
It is impossible to give a reliable answer to the question why prostate cancer develops: the causes of the pathology are still not precisely defined. However, there are risk factors that increase the probability of tumor formation in a person:
- Vasectomy. Men who have undergone sterilization are more likely to diagnose prostate pathologies, including cancer.
- Age. In the age range of 50-60 years men face natural changes and hormonal background disorders. Since prostate cancer is a hormone-dependent tumor, their level deviations from the norm (especially testosterone) increase the risk of neoplasia. The high-risk group is men over 60 years of age.
- Hormonal imbalance. Changes in the hormonal background caused by other causes is also a risk factor. Among them are taking medicines, diseases of the endocrine and urogenital systems.
- Cadmium. Regular male interaction with toxic cadmium leads to its accumulation in the body. Exposure to heavy metals are subject to people whose occupation is associated with typographical and welding work, the production of rubber products.
- Inheritance. Cases of diagnosed cancer in close relatives significantly increase the risk of prostate carcinoma. In the presence of cancer in the anamnesis of family members, a man may encounter a pathology already in the middle age.
- Lifestyle. Abuse of alcoholic beverages, smoking tobacco and use of drugs can lead to mutagenic processes in the body. As a result, a benign tumor in the prostate gland is born into a malignant tumor, forming prostate cancer.
- Environment. Regular direct exposure to sunlight and poor environmental conditions contribute to the development of cancers localized in the genitourinary system.
- Nutrition. Regular consumption of animal fats and protein food can trigger the start of cancer processes. Men whose diet consists mainly of fried meat, eggs and dairy products are predisposed to the appearance of benign and malignant neoplasia.
- Race. The diagnosis of prostate carcinoma is 50-70% more frequent for representatives of non-negroid race than for others.
- Region. According to medical statistics, most men diagnosed with prostate cancer live in North America and Western Europe.
Prostate cancer: symptoms
The onset of the disease is weak and similar to the symptoms of infection of the genitourinary system:
- Frequent urination. More than 4 times during the daytime and more than 1 – at night.
- Weak jet. Urine is excreted subtly, slowly, gradually and with interruptions.
- The feeling of not completely emptied bladder. Regardless of the time spent in the restroom, the man continues to feel that the urine is not completely discharged.
- Pain syndrome. Pelvic pain often accompanies the late stages of prostate cancer.
- Incontinence. The patient may have cases of involuntary urination of different degrees.
- Blood impurities. There are blood clots and drops in the seminal fluid, urine.